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Skin Guide Skin Guide

- SKIN GUIDE -

SKIN TYPE DRY NORMAL COMBINATION OILY
GENERAL DESCRIPTION Skin looks matte

Few, if any visible pores

Skin flakes

Skin feels taut or tight

Few breakouts

Little shine throughout day

No skin flakes

Few breakouts

No enlarged pores

Shiny T-zone (forehead and center of face)

May have enlarged pores on nose and forehead

Dry on cheeks and outer edges

Develops shine early in the day

Makeup does not last through the day

Large pores

May have more problems with acne

SENSITIVE Skin may sting when applying products

May have eczema or dermatitis

Easily develops areas of redness

Very sensitive to exfoliation or harsh cleansing
Skin may sting when apply products

May have eczema or dermatitis

Over-exfoliation or harsh cleansers may cause irritation
Skin often breaks out with new products

Irritation may result in skin flaking or excess oil production (or both)
Skin often breaks out with new products

Skin clogs easily with heavier products

May overproduce oil in response to irritation
DEHYDRATED Fine lines more prominent when inadequately moisturized

Skin feels tight and stretched
Fine lines more prominent when inadequately moisturized

Skin feels tight
Skin feels tight

In spite of oily areas, skin does not feel soft
Skin may feel tight while overproducing oil

In spite of oil, skin does not feel soft
ACNE Less likely to have large comedones

Few problems with acne
Less likely to have large comedones

Few problems with acne
May develop larger and deeper comedones, especially in oily areas Potential to develop larger and deeper comedones
AGING Tends to develop fine lines easily

Skin is thin, fragile, and papery
Develops fine lines at a normal rate Tends to develop fine lines later

Fine lines show up in drier areas first
Tends to develop fine lines later
PORES No visible pores or shine Few visible pores, little shine throughout the day Enlarged pores on nose, forehead, and center of face Blackheads and whiteheads can be a problem Enlarged pores are common

Blackheads and whiteheads can be a problem
PIGMENTATION May occur in response to sun damage and irritation May occur in response to sun damage and irritation May occur in response to sun damage, irritation, and acne scarring May occur in response to sun damage, irritation, and acne scarring

SKIN TYPE

The first step in developing a skincare routine that works for you is determining what your skin type is and identifying what skin concerns you’re dealing with. Each skin type and skin concern requires slightly different treatment. It’s also tremendously empowering to be able to understand your own skin and tailor products to suit you, not anyone else.

DRY SKIN

You’re lucky if you have normal skin! You have a good balance of oil in your skin -- not so much that you get shiny throughout the day, but enough that skin doesn’t feel tight and flaky. You may have to blot once in the afternoon but generally you have no problems with oil. You don’t have accelerated fine line formation due to dryness. However, it’s very important to nurture and hydrate your skin, even if you don’t have obvious skin concerns, as normal skin can quickly turn dry if not taken care of.

NORMAL SKIN

You’re lucky if you have normal skin! You have a good balance of oil in your skin -- not so much that you get shiny throughout the day, but enough that skin doesn’t feel tight and flaky. You may have to blot once in the afternoon but generally you have no problems with oil. You don’t have accelerated fine line formation due to dryness. However, it’s very important to nurture and hydrate your skin, even if you don’t have obvious skin concerns, as normal skin can quickly turn dry if not taken care of.

COMBINATION SKIN

You’re lucky if you have normal skin! You have a good balance of oil in your skin -- not so much that you get shiny throughout the day, but enough that skin doesn’t feel tight and flaky. You may have to blot once in the afternoon but generally you have no problems with oil. You don’t have accelerated fine line formation due to dryness. However, it’s very important to nurture and hydrate your skin, even if you don’t have obvious skin concerns, as normal skin can quickly turn dry if not taken care of.

OILY SKIN

You’re lucky if you have normal skin! You have a good balance of oil in your skin -- not so much that you get shiny throughout the day, but enough that skin doesn’t feel tight and flaky. You may have to blot once in the afternoon but generally you have no problems with oil. You don’t have accelerated fine line formation due to dryness. However, it’s very important to nurture and hydrate your skin, even if you don’t have obvious skin concerns, as normal skin can quickly turn dry if not taken care of.

Skin Concerns

Skin concerns are separate from your skin type. You may be dealing with any of these skin concerns, no matter what skin type you have. It’s important to keep both your skin type and your skin concerns in mind when choosing skincare products.

Sensitive

Any skin type can be sensitive. You may frequently experience itching or stinging in reaction to skincare products. You may be prone to eczema or dermatitis. Your skin may redden or break out easily in reaction to new products.

Dehydrated

Contrary to popular belief, any skin type can be dehydrated! Dehydration refers to skin that is depleted of water, and even oily skin can lack watery moisture. If you have oily skin that somehow still feels tight and isn’t soft to the touch, you may have oily-dehydrated skin. Dry skin is frequently dehydrated because the lack of protective oil means that moisture evaporates quickly from the skin. The hallmarks of dehydrated skin are a feeling of tightness, and often fine lines that appear or disappear depending on how well you’ve moisturized your skin.

Acne

Acne can have many causes, ranging from hormonal imbalance, to stress, to diet, to whether you are properly cleansing and caring for your skin. Any skin type can have problems with acne, but oily skin types tend to deal with larger comedones due to overactive sebaceous glands and enlarged pores. Having a solid skincare routine can certainly help manage and treat acne, but it’s also important to look into the root causes.

Aging

We all age, no matter our skin type. Some people deal with fine lines and wrinkles earlier than others, particularly dry and dehydrated skin types. Properly hydrating and moisturizing your skin, and using skincare products that improve your skin’s natural regenerative abilities, can keep skin looking younger for longer. Antioxidants help to prevent damage caused by the sun and by free radicals. Of course, the most important thing you can do to prevent premature aging is to use a broad-spectrum SPF every day!

Pores

Combination and oily skin types tend to deal more with pores than drier skin types. Enlarged pores can get clogged easily, causing blackheads, whiteheads, and acne. Keeping skin hydrated can plump up the skin around your pores, making them appear smaller, and you may want to choose skincare products that help to exfoliate and clear out clogged pores.

Pigmentation

Dark spots are caused by injury to the skin and by sun damage, as well as by hormones (melasma), and can be experienced by any skin type, especially as we age. Ingredients like vitamin C and niacinamide can help to brighten and even out your skin tone, and using a daily SPF can prevent further damage from occurring.

Skin Guide - Skin Quiz Skin Guide - Skin Quiz

- SKIN QUIZ -

The first part of this quiz is to determine your base skin type.

1/1

Do you experience shine on your skin throughout the day

Select one:

Yes, almost immediately in the morning.

Sometimes, but mostly in the afternoon when my skin gets more oily.

Never.

1/2

How often do you blot your skin throughout the day

Select one:

Constantly, with multiple blotting papers or tissues.

Once or twice, mainly in the T-zone (forehead, nose, sometimes chin).

Never.

1/3

Do you have enlarged pores

Select one:

Yes, all over my face.

A few, concentrated in the T-zone.

Nope, my pores are invisible.

1/4

Do you have flaky, peeling skin

Select one:

Rarely, only if irritated or over-exfoliated.

Yes, in certain areas of the face.

I struggle with flaking and peeling constantly.

RESULTS

Mostly A

Oily Skin: Oily skin is the opposite end of the spectrum from dry skin. While oil is important for lubrication and protection of your skin, your skin produces too much oil. You probably find yourself looking shiny quite early in the day unless you powder and blot. You may have enlarged pores all over your face. Oily skin also tends to deal with larger comedones if acne occurs. On the plus side, however, oily skin generally doesn’t develop fine lines and wrinkles as quickly as drier skin.

Mostly B

Combination Skin: If you have combination skin you might be confused about which skincare products to buy! You may have enlarged pores on your T-zone (nose, forehead, and center of face); you may have shine in this area and may need to blot a few times during the day. However, the sides of your cheeks may be dry and flaky and you may have the feeling of tightness and tautness on your cheeks. Combination skin benefits from all over hydration, and you may find yourself picking and choosing products designed for both dry skin and oily skin.

Mostly C

Dry Skin: Generally, if you have dry skin, you know it. Your skin doesn’t produce any oil, and you have no visible pores. You never have to blot with oil-blotting papers. Your skin may feel tight, and you may have fine lines due to dehydration. During the winter or when the climate is dry, your skin may feel raw and sensitized, and you may notice visible skin flaking and peeling. Dry skin needs to be both deeply hydrated, and protected with natural lipids and oils.

02
The second part of the quiz identifies specific skin concerns:
1

Does your skin feel tight and stretched?

YES

NO

Your skin may be dehydrated, which means a lack of water

Your skin has adequate levels of watery moisture

2

Do you have sun spots, unwanted freckles, or areas of pigmentation?

YES

NO

Look for brightening and skin tone-evening products

Look for products that will support the general health of your skin.

Brightening products can still improve the radiance and glow of your skin.

3

Does your skin react to new products by itching, stinging, or breaking out?

YES

NO

Your skin is likely sensitive -- look for minimal, clean formulations and soothing ingredients like aloe

You’re not hypersensitive to new products, but you should still be on the lookout for ingredients that may cause reactions.

4

Do you break out with blemishes frequently?

YES

Sometimes

NO

Your skin is likely acne prone and will benefit from sebum-controlling, antibacterial products

A calming, hydrating, and consistent skincare routine should help to control sporadic breakouts and improve the health of your skin

Lucky you! A consistent routine will still help refine and increase the luminosity of your skin

5

Are fine lines and wrinkles a concern?

YES

YES, BUT
more preventative

NO

Look for anti-aging products and ingredients such as ceramides, ginseng, retinol, ferments, and antioxidants. Daily SPF is a must!

Daily SPF is essential for preventing fine lines. Look for hydrating products with antioxidants to prevent environmental damage.

Although you may not have fine lines yet, the best way to prevent them is to use SPF daily.

6

Do you have visible pores, and does their appearance bother you?

YES

Only
in certain areas

NO

Look for oil-controlling, balancing products, and ingredients like BHA. Oil cleansing and clay masks can be helpful in controlling the size of pores.

Using clay masks and pore-purifying products occasionally should help to control the appearance of moderately enlarged pores.

Focus on a hydrating and moisturizing skincare routine.